Flowers in the Wall

Truth and Reconciliation in Timor-Leste, Indonesia, and Melanesia

Flowers in the Wall

Truth and reconciliation is complex, complicated, and ongoing. Although the operational phases of truth commissions have been well examined, the efforts to establish these commissions and the struggle to put their recommendations into effect are often overlooked. Flowers in the Wall explores the experience of truth and reconciliation in Timor-Leste, Indonesia, and the Solomon Islands. It examines the pre- and post-truth commission phases, providing a diversity of interconnected scholarship.

Well-researched and balanced, this book examines the effectiveness of the truth commission in transnational justice. It offers valuable lessons to Canadians and all others trying to attain truth and reconciliation.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Front Cover 1
Half Title Page 2
Series Page 3
Full Title Page 4
Copyright Page 5
Table of Contents 6
Illustrations 10
Abbreviations 12
Acknowledgements 16
1 | Introduction: Memory, Truth, and Reconciliation in Timor-Leste, Indonesia, and Melanesia 18
2 | Incomplete Truth, Incomplete Reconciliation: Towards a ScholarlyVerdict on Truth and Reconciliation Commissions 40
SECTION I - Memory, Truth, and Reconciliation in Timor-Leste 56
3 | East Timor: Legacies of Violence 62
4 | Shining Chega!’s Light into the Cracks 80
5 | Politika Taka Malu, Censorship, and Silencing: Virtuosos of Clandestinity and One’s Relationship to Truth and Memory 96
6 | Development and Foreign Aid inTimor-Leste after Independence 110
7 | Reconciliation, Church, and Peacebuilding 126
8 | Human Rights and Truth 134
9 | Chega! for Us: Socializing a LivingDocument 138
SECTION II - Memory, Truth-seeking, and the 1965 Mass Killings in Indonesia 142
10 | Cracks in the Wall: Indonesia and Narratives of the 1965 Mass Violence 148
11 | The Touchy Historiography of Indonesia’s 1965 Mass Killings: Intractable Blockades? 162
12 | Writings of an Indonesian Political Prisoner 172
SECTION III - Local Truth and Reconciliation in Indonesia 178
13 | Gambling with Truth: Hopes and Challenges for Aceh’s Commission for Truth and Reconciliation 184
14 | All about the Poor: An alternative Explanation of the Violence in Poso 202
SECTION IV - Where Indonesia Meets Melanesia: Memory, Truth, and Reconciliation in Tanah Papua 216
15 | Facts, Feasts, and Forests: Considering Truth and Reconciliation in Tanah Papua 222
16 | The Living Symbol of Song in West Papua: A Soul Force to be Reckoned With 250
17 | Time for a New US Approach toward Indonesia and West Papua 278
SECTION V - Memory, Truth, and Reconciliation in Solomon Islands 290
18 | The Solomon Islands “Ethnic Tension” Conflict and the Solomon Islands Truth and Reconciliation Commission: A Personal Reflection 296
19 | Women and Reconciliationin Solomon Islands 310
SECTION VI - Bringing it Home 314
20 | Reflecting on Reconciliation 316
21 | Conclusion: Seeking Truth about Truth-seeking 326
Bibliography 342
Index 362
Contributors 376
Back Cover 378