In Good Relation

History, Gender, and Kinship in Indigenous Feminisms


In Good Relation

Over the past thirty years, a strong canon of Indigenous feminist literature has addressed how Indigenous women are uniquely and dually affected by colonialism and patriarchy. Indigenous women have long recognized that their intersectional realities were not represented in mainstream feminism, which was principally white, middle-class, and often ignored realities of colonialism. As Indigenous feminist ideals grew, Indigenous women became increasingly multi-vocal, with multiple and oppositional understandings of what constituted Indigenous feminism and whether or not it was a useful concept. Emerging from these dialogues are conversations from a new generation of scholars, activists, artists, and storytellers who accept the usefulness of Indigenous feminism and seek to broaden the concept.
In Good Relation captures this transition and makes sense of Indigenous feminist voices that are not necessarily represented in existing scholarship. There is a need to further Indigenize our understandings of feminism and to take the scholarship beyond a focus on motherhood, life history, or legal status (in Canada) to consider the connections between Indigenous feminisms, Indigenous philosophies, the environment, kinship, violence, and Indigenous Queer Studies. Organized around the notion of “generations,” this collection brings into conversation new voices of Indigenous feminist theory, knowledge, and experience. Taking a broad and critical interpretation of Indigenous feminism, it depicts how an emerging generation of artists, activists, and scholars are envisioning and invigorating the strength and power of Indigenous women.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
Introduction 8
Part I: Broadening Indigenous Feminisms 28
The Uninvited 30
Us 31
Chapter 1. Making Matriarchs at Coqualeetza: Stó:lō Women’s Politics and Histories across Generations 32
Chapter 2. Sámi Feminist Moments: Decolonization and Indigenous Feminism 55
Chapter 3. “It Just Piles On, and Piles On, and Piles On”: Young Indigenous Women and the Colonial Imagination 73
Chapter 4. “Making an Honest Effort”: Indian Homemakers’ Clubs and Complex Settler Engagements 89
Part II: Queer and Two-Spirit Identities, and Sexuality 114
Chapter 5. Reclaiming Traditional Gender Roles: A Two-Spirit Critique 116
Chapter 6. Reading Chrystos for Feminisms That Honour Two-Spirit Erotics 130
Chapter 7. Naawenangweyaabeg Coming In: Intersections of Indigenous Sexuality and Spirituality 143
Chapter 8. Morning Star, Sun, and Moon Share the Sky: (Re)membering Two-Spirit Identity through Culture-Centred HIV Prevention Curriculum for Indigenous Youth 161
Part III: Multi-Generational Feminisms and Kinship 176
Chapter 9. Honouring Our Great-Grandmothers: An Ode to Caroline LaFramboise, Twentieth-Century Métis Matriarch 178
Chapter 10. on anishinaabe parental kinship with black girl life: twenty-first-century ([de]colonial) turtle island 189
Chapter 11. Toward an Indigenous Relational Aesthetics: Making Native Love, Still 202
Chapter 12. Conversations on Indigenous Feminism 214
These Are My Daughters 238
Acknowledgements 240
Bibliography 242
Contributors 262