Protected Areas and the Regional Planning Imperative in North America


Cover image (Protected Areas and the Regional Planning Imperative in North America)

Regional planning is imperative if North America has any hope of retaining continental biodiversity and environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable development.Protected Areas and the Regional Planning Imperative in North Americas is a timely collection of essays presents new protected area theory, method, and practice as an explicit part of regional planning. With a North American focus, these essays consider the history of ecology, policy, and planning of protected areas in the context of the fundamental need for a linkage with ongoing regional planning. Protected areas and regional planning must be pursued, not as separate, but rather as interrelated activities if both are to achieve their place in decision-making in North America.

With Contributions By:
Natalie Ban
Heather Black
Scott Brennan
Kenneth W. Cox
Bruce A.B. Currie-Alder
Gustavo Danemann
Ileana Espejel
Exequiel M. Ezcurra
Graham Forbes
Noel Aron Fuentes
Steve Gatewood
David Gauthier
Christopher Gosselin
Hans Hermann
Jurgen Hoth
Marvin O. Jensen
Sabine Jessen
Patrick Lawrence
James Loucky
Roberto Martinez
Kevin McNamee
John C. Miles
J.G. Nelson
Lina Ojeda Revah
Alejando Robles
Lucy Sportza
Carlos Israel Vazquez
Ella Vazquez-Dominquez
Ed Wiken
Christopher E. Williams
Stephen Woodley

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Protected Areas and the Regional Planning Imperative in North America 1
Contents 8
Foreword 13
Preface 15
Acknowledgments 16
1 Overview of Protected Areas and the Regional Planning Imperative in North America 18
List of Photographs 19
List of Tables 20
List of Figures 21
List of Boxes 26
Country Overviews 40
2 Preserving Canada's Wilderness Legacy: A Perspective on Protected Areas 42
3 National Parks, Wilderness, and Protected Areas in the United States 62
4 The Mexican Park and Protected Area System 78
Canada 90
5 Regional Approaches to Planning for Protected Areas and Conservation 92
6 Natural Area Policies in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo: 1973 to 2000 and Beyond 108
7 Making Ecosystem-Based Science into Guidelines for Ecosystem-Based Management: The Greater Fundy Ecosystem Experience 120
8 Assessing Ecosystem Conservation Plans for Canadian National Parks 130
9 Linking Public and Private Stewardship: The Sand Dunes National Monument Region, Colorado, and Its Implications for Canada 150
10 Wings Across the Border 164
11 Baja to Bering Sea: A North American Marine Conservation Initiative 178
United States of America 208
12 Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve 210
13 Regional Management Program at Yellowstone National Park 222
14 Cascades International Park: A Case Study 236
15 The Wildlands Project: The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative and Sky Islands Wildlands Network 252
16 Ecoregion-based Conservation in the Chihuahuan Desert: Summary of Biological Assessment and Biodiversity Vision 264
17 Parks, Protected Areas, and Environmental Education in North America 278
The United States of Mexico 294
18 Conservation and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Baja California 296
19 Conservation and Management of Ecosystems Within and Without Protected Natural Areas in Baja California, Mexico 314
20 Feasibility of Sustainable Investment Projects in the Northern California Gulf and Colorado River Delta Biosphere Reserve, Mexico 324
21 Parks and Protected Areas in a Local and Regional Context in North America: A Multisectoral, Transdisciplinary Approach 338
22 Tourism, Protected Areas, Nature Conservation, and Sustainable Development in Mexico 348
23 Public Participation in Mexican Protected Areas: Terminos Lagoon, Campeche 364
24 Phylogeography, Historical Patterns, and Conservation of Natural Areas 386
Retrospectives 396
25 Canada 398
26 United States of America 400
27 Mexico 404
28 The Growing Role of the Commission on Environmental Cooperation in Biodiversity and Protected Area Planning in North America 406
Postscript 406
29 Conservation of Biodiversity: The North American Conservation Area Database 416
Attendee List 428
B 432
Index 432
A 432
C 433
E 435
D 435
F 436
G 437
H 437
J 438
K 438
L 438
I 438
M 439
N 440
P 441
O 441
R 442
Q 442
S 443
U 444
T 444
V 444
W 445
Y 445
Z 446